Theories abound regarding these mysterious etchings, ranging from landing strips for aliens to a giant seismograph. The most probable theory is that of María Reiche, a German researcher who dedicated her life to studying the lines. Ms Reiche believed that the lines were part of a vast astronomic calendar whose figures marked different solar phases. Ms Reiche, affectionately nicknamed the Angel of the Plains by the local inhabitants, was the first to discover the ancient technique of digging into the tough and dry desert floor and covering the track with stones brought from distant sites. The component of natural plaster existing in the area helped to preserve for thousands of years the drawings: the hummingbird, the spider, the condor and the monkey, among the more than 30 figures etched into the plain.
DAY 1. ARRIVE IN LIMA.
Check into hotel for a much needed good night's rest, lodging in Hotel Casino La Hacienda. Miraflores.
DAY 2. LIMA A FULL DAY.
To explore parts of Lima, Includes visits to the Museum of Gold and the National Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology, We'll take a tour of the center of the city too, the Plaza de Armas. In the evening, it's a taste of Peruvian food and music at one of Lima s night life hot spots, lodging in Hotel La Hacienda.
DAY 3. LIMA TO NAZCA.
Depart Lima by bus for Ica and Nazca with a stop for lunch in Ica; it’s a long drive south of Lima on the Pan American highway so we will stop for views of desolate beaches and rugged cliffs. After lunch, we continue on to Nazca.
Nazca is the center of a civilization that reached its Zenith in 800 AD. If .time permits, we will explore a few of valleys and hillsides around the city, to see ruins of towns, temples and cemeteries, and in some cases exposed bones, Pottery shards and other artefacts strewn on the surface, Lodging in Hotel Casa Andina, (B)
DAY 4. NAZCA TO PARACAS.
The highlight of the day will be a flight in small planes (3-5 passengers) to see the famous lines of Nazca. The flight is 45 minutes and can be bumpy with tight turns, but is unforgettable. After lunch, a tour of Nazca, Then we depart by bus for the Paracas Peninsula. In Paracas, we cross the Peninsula for a visit to a rare protected bay and a walk along high cliffs to view seals summing on rocks and swimming in the pounding surf and, if we are in luck, condors, Lodgings in Hotel Casa Andina.,(B)
DAY 5. ISLAS BALLESTAS TO LIMA.
In the morning; a four hour boat tour takes us to the Ballestas Islands teeming with sea lion colonies, On our, return, We will pass a colony of flamingos too.
In the afternoon, We head back to Lima Lodging, hotel Casino La Hacienda, Miraflores (B).
DAY 6. LIMA TO CUSCO.
Transfers to the airport, A predawn breakfast, and then in the morning flight to Cusco. After lunch, a bus takes us up to the fortress at Sacsayhuaman, site of some of the most impressive stonework achieved by the Incas and one of the best views of Cusco. From here a 45 minutes walk takes us back to plaza de Armas and our hotel. Evening free for shopping and exploring the Plaza. Lodging in Cusco, Hotel Royal Inca.(B)
DAY 7. CUSCO-SACRED VALLEY TOUR.
A day- long bus tour of the valley that was the prime agricultural area of the Incas. We will visit the archaeological sites at Pisac and ollantaytambo to view terraces, temples and ruins. Lodging in Ollantaytambo , Htl. Pakaritampu.
DAY 8 OLLANTAYTAMBO TO MACHUPICCHU.
From Ollantaytambo we take the train along the Urubamba River to the Machupicchu station. A bus then goes up a series of switch backs some 2000 feet to the ruins.
No words can capture the feelings that rise up first seeing this city, so well preserved on the top of the mountain because it was never found by the Spaniards. It is majestic, spiritual. A guided tour completes the afternoon. Lodging Hotel Inti Inn..(B).
DAY 9. MACHUPICCHU TO CUSCO.
A full day to continue exploring the city and if you wish, ascend another 1000 ft. to the terraces a top Wayna Picchu for a
Condor view of Machupicchu. At the end of the day, we take the train back to Cusco. Lodging in Cusco. Hotel Royal Inca.(B)
DAY 10. CUSCO TO PUNO.
A nice journey bus, transfers to Puno, about 6 hrs. You will have time to look through the Andes, and llamas, alpacas and Vicuñas reserve zone. Lodging in Puno Hotel Casa Andina Tikarani.(B)
DAY 11. PUNO AND LAKE TITICACA.
We end our tour with Lake Titicaca, the larger islands, Taquile (3 1/2 hours) where we wil1 disembark to explore the vil1age and part of the island. The people here live by fishing and selling very high quality handcrafts and there are ruins from Inca and Pre-Inca cultures. We return at the end of the day to Puno. Lodging in Puno, Hotel Casa Andina Tikarani. (B.L)
DAY 12. PUNO TO AREQUIPA.
We transfer by bus back to Juliaca, and from there fly to Arequipa. Will explore this beautiful city witch is line a miniature city .it self and Sample Andean to see the Cathedral, the Convent of Santa Catalina cuisine at one of the many fine restaurants. Lodging Hostal Queen’s Villa (B)
DAY 13. AREQUIPA TO THE COLCA VALLEY.
This is a trip into the heartland of the Andes, through little villages and settlements where rural life goes on much as it has for centuries. We will pass the Aguada Blanca National Reserve where vicuña (a type of wild llama) and taruka (a deer native to high altitudes) still can be found.
Then we descend to the town of Chivay and stops to walk along the rim road to look for condor lodging in the Colca Lodge. (B, L, D)
DAY 14. COLCA VALLEY.
More amazing scenary of the canyon Lodging in the Colca lodge visit to the condors canyon.(B,L,D)
DAY 15. COLCA VALLEY TO AREQUIPA.
We return via the previous day's route to Arequipa, More free time in the afternoon to explore Arequipa often called Peru's most beautiful city. Lodging in Arequipa Hostal Queen’s Villa. (B, L)
DAY 16. AREQUIPA TO LIMA.
In the morning flight to Lima and finally at the end of the day departs for home.