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Wonderful Perú - 28 Days

Wonderful Perú
Visited Destinations:
Perú

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Heir to ancient cultures and a rich colonial tradition, Perú is a magical spot which involves one of the richest biodiversities of Earth, and is a melting pot of different cultures who together are forging the promise of a better future. The terrain in Cusco is steep, combining fertile inter-Andean valleys with impressive mountains that descend to the rim of the jungle where the temperature rises and the landscape is transformed through a variety of vegetation.

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Itinerary

Day 1.  ARRIVE IN LIMA.
Meet you at the airport and transfer to the hotel. Check into hotel for a much needed good night's rest. Lodging  in Hotel
Casa Andina  Clasic  Miraflores San Antonio.

Day 2.   LIMA TO CUSCO.
Breakfast at the hotel, transfer to the airport for morning fly to Cusco. Includes  air plane tickets. Lima to Cusco.
Meet you at the airport in Cusco and transfer to hotel Casa Andina  Private   Colection. Free Day.(B)

Day 3.   CUSCO.
Breakfast at the hotel. 08:30 a.m. Trip to Sacseyhuaman Kenqo, PucaPucara and Tambomachay,  from  IncaTimes.  City Tour in Cusco, visit  The Cathedral and the Sun Temple Koricancha  from  Inca Times.
6:00 p.m. . Briefing   at the hotel for trip in to Manu Park. In by Bus, out by
Plane.
Lodgin Hotel Casa Andina Private Colection.(B)
   
Day 4.-  CUSCO-CLUOD FOREST- PAITITI LODGE.- Leaving from Cusco very early in the morning  in our comfortable bus. Ascending to the high mountain area of Paucartambo. On the way we visit the funeral towers or chullpas of Ninamarca. The bus then descents through the mysterious cloud forest full of beautiful orchids, heliconias  and primitive ferns. Stopping to give you an opportunity to witness Cock of the Rocks (Rupicola Peruviana) mating ritual. There are also possibilities to observe the Amazonian Umbrella bird (Cephalopteros Ornatus), Trogons (Trogon sp.) and many more. With luck the only South American bear, the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus). In the afternoom we arrive to the village of Atalaya , where we take our boat 30 minutes by Alto Madre de Dios River to our typical lodge. Showers and toilets available.
 
Day 5.-  PAITITI LODGE - BOCA MANU. - After an early and delicious breakfast, The rest of the day is spent traveling on the Alto Madre de Dios River . On the way you can see a variety of bird life, like herons, egrets, kingfishers, and the ever present vultures of which the most spectacular is the condor of the jungle, King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa). In the afternoon a short stop at the village of Boca Manu to have refreshing cold beverage. Later on the group arrives to the. Lodge near the Boca Manu. Walks explore some of the many trails in the area. Night   in Lodge. Showers    and toilets available. .
 
Day 6.-  BOCA MANU- OTORONGO -   LAKE. -   The   boat trip goes on and one will be able to understand why Manu is so famous for its wildlife. On the river edges you will be able to observe groups of turtles, White Caimans (Caiman cocodrylus), Capybaras (Hydrochaeris) and maybe a Jaguar (Panthera Onca) resting on a log and observing its territory. Arriving in the afternoon to our campsite in Otorongo. We will the only agency camping there. Later on visiting the trails around the Otorongo Oxbow Lake and the giant otter observation tower together with the guide to learn the functions and secrets of the tropical rainforest. Camping on covered platforms. Showers and toilets available.
 
Day 7.-  OTORONGO LAKE – SALVADOR LAKE .-   Today the group visit another oxbow lake called Salvador, which is half an hour boat trip from Otorongo. Here paddling silently on a Catamaran, you have again possibilities to observe a family of giant otters fishing and playing, black caimans and many different rare bird life like the Hoatzins (Opisthocomus hoatzin). Here in Manu the animals have never suffered hunting pressure from man. In the afternoon we return to our campsite in Otorongo. Camping on covered platforms. Showers and toilets available.
 
Day 8 .  OTORONGO  – BOCA MANU - CUSCO.-   Very early in the morning the call of the Red Howler monkeys (Alouatta  seniculus) will wake us up. After a delicious breakfast.  we unfortunately need to start our return. On Manu river, the group might see many different animals, they did not find on the way in. In the morning the group arrives to  Boca  Manu and you take the plane from Boca Manu to Cusco . Meet you at the airport and transfer to your hotel Casa  Andina Private Collection.  

Day 9.       CUSCO  TO  SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS.
Breakfast  at the hotel. 9:00 a. m Trip in to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, Visit to Pisaj  Inca City and the local Market. Lunch  in Urubamba city. After lunch trip in to ollantaytambo  Inca City, explorer  the Inca Temple. Lodging  by Yanahuara Hotel Casa  Andina  Private  Colection (B.L).

Day 10.   SACRED VALLEY TO CUSCO.
Breakfast  at the hotel. 9:00 a.m bus transport to Cusco. Hotel Casa Andina  Private Collection.  Free  day.
7:00 p. m  Briefing  for the trip in to   the Inca Trail to Machupicchu. (B)
 
Day 11. –INKATRAILTO MACHUPICCHU 5D/4N
 Private Service

The Inka Trail to Machu Picchu is the most renowned trek in the Peruvian Andes, and ranks among   the most popular and beautiful in the world. This 43 kilometer trip combines a number of outstanding features, such as long hidden and rediscovered archaeological remains, stupendous mountain scenery, dense cloud forest  containing an amazing diversity of flora and fauna, a truly astounding marvel of architecture and engineering  as is the Inka Road, winding up in the most wondrous and dazzling  prize of all: the Sacred Inca City of Machupicchu.

The present 5 day program represents an excellent alternative that avoids the larger numbers and congestion of trekkers encountered in the course of the standard 4 day trip through  the use of different  campsites, utilizing lesser known and more remote ones.  

ITINERARY

Cusco to Llactapata
Departure from Cusco  aboard private transport  which will drive us to the trailhead  situated at a point corresponding to kilometer 82 of the Cusco-Machu Pichu railway on the right bank of the Urubamba river. Here there is a bridge spanning the river.  We cross over to the left bank and hike along it on relatively level terrain to shortly reach the small settlement of Miskay (elevation: 2800m / 9184 ft above sea level). This is followed by an ascent, at the conclusion of which we  each a point with commanding overlook of the surrounding area and the valley floor. We are rewarded with a stupendous view of the Inca city of Llactapata (elev.: 2750m/9020ft) lying several hundred meters below and situated close to the  point of confluence of the Kusichaka River with the Urubamba. We descend toward the archaeological site and set up camp after having hiked for about 3 hours. The rest of the day is devoted to the visit and exploration of the neighboring ruins.
Meals: L + D

Total distance covered:        5 km (3,11 miles)
Estimated walking time:                  3 hours
Point of Maximum altitude:    2,650 m (8,692 ft)
Elevation of Campsite:        2,650 m (8,692 ft)    

Day 12. -   Llactapata to Llulluchapampa
We rise early and begin to trek up the valley of the Kusichaka River, gradually ascending until reaching the farming community of Wayllabamba, which is built on top of a preexisting Inka site. All along this section we have been privileged with spectacular views of the high snowcapped peaks of the Cordillera Urubamba. Another feature of interest in this part of the hike is the abundance of birdlife, especially hummingbirds. We leave the main Kusichaka River Valley and begin ascending the tributary valley of Llulluchayoc following an easterly direction in the direction of Warwihuañusca pass ("Dead Woman Pass").

 This is generally regarded as the most difficult or demanding section of the entire trek, consisting of a steep climb of some 9 kilometers and close to 1000 meters/ 3200 feet of elevation. There is abundant birdlife, with a predominance of Finches, Thrushes, Tanagers and Seed-eaters, although several species of hummingbirds, wrens and oropendula are also present. The cloud forest is also one of the preferred environments of the Andean Spectacled Bear (Tremarctus Ornatus) although in this particular section they have not been sighted for a long time. We eventually rise above the tree line into a fringe area with a predominant vegetation composed of shrubs of ericaceae (heath) and compositae (daisies, dandelions, etc) and immediately pass into the high puna grassland, which in its upper section gives way to the sponge-like growth of the Yareta plant (Azorella compacta) and other related mosses and succulents. Here, on the plateau at the head of the valley and at the foot of the pass –a site known as Llulluchapampa- we camp (elevation: approx 3800m/12500ft a.s.l). Our advice is that on this and the following day you stock your daypack with an ample supply of candy, chocolates. All these will contribute to maintain a high level of sugar in the metabolism, increase oxygenation and augment your hemoglobin count, allaying any possibility of altitude sickness. It works !
Meals: B + L + D

Total distance covered:        12 km (7,46 miles)
Estimated walking time:                  6 hours
Point of Maximum altitude:    3,850 m (12,589 ft)
Elevation of Campsite:        3,850 m (12,589 ft

Day 13 -   Llulluchapampa to Phuyupatamarca
Today we reach the highest point of the Inka Trail to Machu Picchu: the pass of Warmihuañusca (elev.: 4200m/13776ft. a.s.l) –a two hour ascent from our campsite. There are fine views of the surrounding mountains from the summit. We then descend into the Pacamayo river valley (elev.: 3600 m/11808 ft. a. s. l.)  Almost immediately after touching the valley bottom, the trail rebounds and begins ascending the second pass, known as the Abra de Runkurakay (elev.: 3870m/13022ft. a. s. l.). Halfway to the summit lies the archaeological complex of Runkurakay, located at an elevation of 3800m/12464ft. a. s. l. Once having surmounted the pass, we begin descending following a well defined Inka road, paved with granite flagstones and steps of quarried and dressed blocks of stone. The flora is exclusively native American, with no imported or exotic species present. Particularly conspicuous are the many varieties of Bromeliads. We pass by Yanacocha (Black Lake), gradually entering the fringes of the vegetated area, until reaching the archaeological complex of SayacmarKa (elev.:3624m/11887ft a. s. l.). Upon descending from Sayacmarka back on to the main trail we enter a stretch of dense cloud forest with a marked abundance of epiphytes and thick cushioning of sphagnum moss. We ascend a moderate gradient following a wide Inka road that eventually flows laterally on to the third pas of the Inka Trail, the Abra of Phuyupatamarka, the elevation of which is cited as 3700m/12136ft a. s. l.

Just below the Phuyupatamarca Pass, lies the archeological complex of Phuyupatamarca. Hiram Bingham partially uncovered only the upper sections of it in 1915. There are also impressive views of the canyon of the Urubamba river several thousand meters below as well as a constant flow of clouds and mist rising from the valley bottom, condensing at higher altitudes and recycling back to vapor, thus accounting for the distinctive name of the site. We camp in close proximity of it.
Meals: B+ L + D

Total distance covered:        12 km (9.32 miles)
Estimated walking time:                  8 hours
Point of Maximum altitude:    4,200 m (13,776 ft)
Elevation of Campsite:        3,600 m (12,033 ft)

Day 14.-   Phuyupatamarca  to Machu Picchu
On this morning we stand a fair chance of appreciating what is probably the most spectacular sunrise ever on the Inka trail. From an elevated vantage point above the ruins and close by our camp we can take in a 360° panorama of all the surrounding cordilleras, among them the Pumasillo massif of the Cordillera Vilcabamba to the west, as well as Salkantay along with the seldom seen Pallcay to the south and the Urubamba –Verónica  range to the north-northeast. After indulging in this wonderful experience, it is time to carry onward. From the lower section of the Phuyupatamarca complex, a road –in many parts actually a steep stairway composed of thousands of steps and thousands of meters- discovered as recently as 1983, descends to Wiñaywayna (elevation: 2650m/8692ft. above sea level). This is  yet another archaeological site, in fact it is the largest site on the Inca trail, second only to Machu Picchu.

One more hour of hiking through the cloud forest on a walkway paved with ashlars, brings us to Intipunku ("the Gateway of the Sun") from where we can finally cast our eyes upon the fabulous hidden city of Machu Picchu. If the weather complies, we should enjoy a grand view of the citadel. From Intipunku, a 40 minute descent leads us to the so-called "House of the Guardians" and the entranceway to the citadel. From here we proceed down to the tourist center and board a bus that will take us to the town of Aguas Calientes where those who may wish to do so can devote some time to rest and relaxation in the local hot springs. In Aguas Calientes we spend the night in comfortable accommodations hotel El Puebo Inkaterra Machupicchu..
Meals: B + L + D


Total distance covered:        11 km (6.84 miles)
Estimated walking time:                  5 hours
Point of Maximum altitude:         3,600 m (11,772 ft)
Elevation of Campsite:        2,400 m (7,872 ft)


Day 15.-   Machu Picchu to Cusco
We rise early and board a bus up to the citadel of Machu Picchu,. Upon arrival we immediately set forth on a complete guided tour of the site, lasting approximately 2 hours. Once the tour has concluded we will have free time at our disposal to walk around, explore and climb to the summit of Huaynapicchu mountain (usually seen in the background of the classic vista of Machupicchu) from where quite spectacular views of Machu Pichu seen from a different angle –as well as the breathtaking and dramatic panorama of the surrounding mountain peaks and the great gorge of the Urubamba canyon- can be fully appreciated. it  is likewise possible, from the summit of Huayna Picchu,  to visit the Temple of the Moon.
Come the afternoon, we all converge and meet up in the town of Aguas Calientes, lunch in  Totos Restaurant. In Aguas Calientes  we board the afternoon train back to Cusco, where we arrive after nightfall. Hotel Casa Andina Private Collection.
Meals: B. L.

Degree of Difficulty
 Moderate  to Challenging. A preceding period of acclimatization of at least two  days in Cusco,  or at elevations above 3000m/9840ft is recommended

SERVICES INCLUDED:
•    Transfer on private Transport from Hotel in Cusco  Trailhead at Kilometer 82 on Day 01
•    Inca Trail and Machu Picchu admission fee (valid  days 01 -05)
•    Train fare from Aguas Calientes to Cusco (Vistadome Valley, )
•    English-Speaking Professional Mountain Guide
•    Camping Gear - Tentage, etc:
     (a)  Twin person accommodations in large capacity 4-person tents.
(b)  One foam sleeping mat per person ( Therma Rest)
     (c) Optional upon request: One comfortable -10°C temp.  range mummy sleeping bag. These bags are dry cleaned after each use and possess a life/use of 30 trips after which they are retired.
(d) Dining and Mess Tent, including camp tables and stools.
(e) Separate Kitchen/Cooking Tent
(f) Professional Trail Cook, Staff, and all Commissary facilities and appurtenances  
(g) Toilet Tent
•    Porters for  transport of all camping and commissary equipment
•    Porters for transport of personal gear up to 9kg. per  pack (incl. sleeping bag and mat.)
•    Separate accommodations and tents for Guides, Cooking staff and Muleteers
•    All Meals and Commissary as stipulated (04B, 03L, 03D + daily snack and tea service except on last day)
•    Others:  Wake-up tea + Hot washing water every morning and every evening / water boiled to purification point for filling flasks and water bottles every morning and evening, as well as at lunch time pending prior request
•    First aid support and oxygen.
•    Bus ticket from Machu Picchu ruins down to the town of Aguas Calientes –day 04
•    Hotel Machupicchu El Pueblo Inkaterra.
•    Dinner.
•    Lunch on last day.
•    Round trip bus ticket Aguas  Calientes – Machupicchu – Aguas Calientes – 5th day
•    Transfer train station-hotel in Cusco
SERVICES NOT  INCLUDED:
-    Breakfast on Day 01
-     Personal trekking gear ; tips to guide and trek staff.

Planining Your Trip
Climate: Cuzco has well-defined seasons. From June to August, while winter days are typically sunny and warm, the temperature can drop to below freezing (27°F/- 3°C ) at night in our high camps. Rain seldom falls during winter. From January to March, the summer months offer daytime temperatures to 85°F/30°C, milder nights (typically to 45°F/8°C) and plenty of rain. Despite some rain, December is one of our favorite months for trekking, since the mountains are lush with summer flowers and you enjoy plenty of sunshine. Departures during Andean spring and fall offer weather patterns intermediate between these seasonal extremes.
 
Clothing
Expect a wide range of temperature and precipitation on your program. In high mountain environments, you must be prepared for inclement weather at any time. Even at mid-day, if clouds obscure the sun the apparent temperature cools dramatically. By packing a system of thin, independent layers, you can easily add or remove layers to remain comfortable as conditions change. Most trekkers leave camp in the morning wearing a cold-weather layer over T-shirt and shorts. At the first rest stop, after you have warmed up a bit, remove a layer and continue in hot-weather clothing until the temperature cools off later in the day. At all times, carry rain-gear in your day-pack. Basic clothing list: underwear, socks, light hiking boots, sneakers for around camp, loose-fitting long pants or wind-pants, shorts, T-shirts, long-sleeved shirt, bunting jacket, full rain gear, sun hat, bathing suit, gloves and wool hat.
 
Other Gear
 
Essential: Day pack, sleeping bag, water bottle, iodine-type water purification pills, flashlight, sunglasses, sunscreen, toilet kit, insect repellent, pocket knife. Optional: sewing kit, camera and film, binoculars, paperback book, snacks and/or energy bars. Your outfitter provides: a heavy-duty, 4,100-cubic-inch trail duffel, Thermarest sleeping pad, tents and communal camping gear. Weight Restriction: Porterage for up to 10 kg ( 22 lb .) of personal gear is included. If your packed duffel exceeds 10 kg . In weight (including sleeping bag and pad) at trailhead, you will have to transfer excess items from your duffel to your daypack.
 
Vaccinations
While none are mandatory for entering Peru , and no official is likely to demand to see proof of your vaccination against any disease, some protection is recommended. Consult your physician or local travelers' clinic for the latest recommendations. For general travel, vaccinations or boosters against tetanus, typhoid/diphtheria, Hepatitis A, and polio are commonly advised. If you're visiting the Amazon before or after your trek, ask about yellow fever and  chloroquine-resistant malaria. The World Health Organization does not recommend vaccination against cholera.

Day 16.  CUSCO TO PUNO. A nice journey bus transfers you to Puno, about 8 hrs. You will have time to look through the Andes and llamas alpacas and vicuñas reserve zone. Lodging  in Puno Hotel Libertador Isla Esteves. (B, L)
 
Day 17.    PUNO AND LAKE TITICACA.  tour to  Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. Our destination Uros Floating Islands and  Amantani. Where you are going to have a Overnight in a family House. ( B,  L, D).
 
Day 18.   AMANTANI TAKILE PUNO. Tour to one of the larger islands. Taquile , where you disembark to explore the village and part of the island. The people here live by fishing and selling very high quality handcrafts and there are ruins from Inca and Pre-Inca cultures. We return at the end of the day to Puno. Lodging  in Puno, Hotel Libertador Isla Esteves. (B  ,L,)
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Day 19.   PUNO  TO AREOUIPA. We transfer by bus  to Juliaca, and from there fly to Arequipa.(Includes  fly tickets ). Will explore this beautiful city to see the Cathedral, the Convent of Santa Catalina, which is like a miniature city itself, and sample Andean cuisine at one of the many fine restaurants. Lodging in Arequipa, Hotel Casa Andina. Private Collection . (B)
 
Day 20.    AREQUIPA TO THE COLCA VALLEY. This is a trip into the heartland of the Andes, through little villages and settlements where rural life goes on much assist has for centuries we will pass the Aguada Blanca National Reserve where vicuña (a type of wild llama) and taruka (a deer native to high altitudes) still can be found. Then we descend to the town of Chivay  and stops to walk along the rim road to look for condor. Lodging  in the Colca lodge. (B, L, D)

Day 21.   COLCA VALLEY. More amazing scenary of the canyon. Lodging in the Colca Valley, Colca lodge, visit  to the condors Canyon.
(B, L, D)
 
Day 22.   COLCA VALLEY TO AREOUIPA. More amazing scenary of the canyon and we return via the previous day's route to Arequipa. More free time in the afternoon to explore Arequipa often called Perú most beautiful city. (B,L) Lodging in Arequipa, Hotel Casa Andina Private Collection..

Day 23 .    AREQUIPA.
Breakfast  at the hotel. Free  day in Arequipa. Lodging Hotel Casa Andina Private Collection. (B).
 
Day 24.   AREOUIPA TO NAZCA.
Depart  by bus for  Nazca on the Panamerican highway, so we will stop for views of desolate beaches and rugged cliffs. After lunch. We continue on to Nazca.  Nazca is the center of a civilization that reached its Zenith in 800 AD. we will explore a few of valleys and hillsides around the city, to see ruins of towns, temples and cemeteries, and in some cases exposed bones. Pottery shards and other artifacts strewn on the surface. Lodging in Hotel Casa Andina Clasic Nazca.. (B).
 
Day 25.    NAZCA TO LIMA. The highlight of the day will be a flight in small planes (3-5 passengers) to see the famous lines of Nazca. The flight is 45 minutes and can be bumpy with tight turns, but in unforgettable. After lunch, a tour of Nazca.
                In the afternoon , depart by bus  to Lima. Lodging in Hotel Casa Andina
                Clasic   Miraflores San Antonio. (B.).
 
Day 26.   LIMA. Breakfast at the hotel. Free day in Lima. Hotel Casa Andina Clasic  Miraflores San Antonio  (B).

Day 27.    LIMA.  Breakfast  at the hotel. Free  day. Hotel Casa Andina Clasic Miraflores San Antonio.
Day 28.    LIMA  TO HOME. Transfer to the airport.

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Cusco Main Square
Cusco Main Square

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Machu Picchu - Cusco PERU
Machu Picchu - Cusco PERU

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Nazca Lines humingbird
Nazca Lines humingbird

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Ollantaytambo
Ollantaytambo

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Titikaka Lake - Puno Perú
Titikaka Lake - Puno Perú

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Miraflores - Lima Perú
Miraflores - Lima Perú

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Colca Canyon AREQUIPA PERU
Colca Canyon AREQUIPA PERU

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Saqsayhuaman View- Cusco Perú
Saqsayhuaman View- Cusco Perú

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Guacamayos - MANU PERU
Guacamayos - MANU PERU

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Inca trail to Machu Picchu PERU
Inca trail to Machu Picchu PERU

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